Some of the Bongo Wildlife Clubs and Communities have commenced Fish Farming – as a potential income generation project
How do I start?
Contact your Aquaculture Economics Expert from the Ministry of Fisheries, to assist, you before deciding to implement this project and discuss first hand experiences with a Bongo Surveillance Project contact.
When considering ensure you have adequate essential support services. Most importantly there is a profitable market for the “fish products”. Find out how much one needs to invest, and what is the profit potential.
Select the best site that suits your local landscape.
- Should the fish pond be near a homestead for security and easy access.
- Fencing around the pond, is a good idea, for health and safety.
- Select the best species of fish that suits your area. Contact your local fisheries agent near you / Ministry of Agriculture and the BSP for experience.
- The “Fish Pond” should be near the water source; Tap water, River, Dam or Spring.
It is advisable to use a POND LINER. These are locally available.
Make the correct pond measurement and depth. Basically it should be at least: 1m deep at one end, slightly graduating and slightly shallower at the other end. The dimensions and depth should be discussed with the Fisheries and will vary according to school/community land capacity (ideally 10 metres long).
MAINTAINING A FISH POND
- After the pond is complete, fill it with clean water.
- Add goat or chicken dropping (manure) rapped in a sack, dip at the ponds base to add fertility to the pond.
- Leave for 2 weeks for algae to grow and make water fertile.
- Stock the pond with fingerlings the third week.
- Feed the fingerlings twice per day – in the morning & evening with right starter feeds.
- Keep checking the fingerlings development and progress.
- If you notice any unusual fish behavior,seek help from appropriate local Fisheries expert/ BSP for help.
- Always keep the pond clean
- Expect to harvest in four-five month after introduction
- Use the appropriate fish net to harvest;
- Only harvest the mature fish and return the rest in the water.
- Always count and measure your catch and record it for reference and income monitoring
POINTS TO NOTE
- Check for overstocking. If it happens, build another pond remove all the mature fish or harvest regularly and sell.
- If water is dirty, it will cause loss oxygen in the water, causing death of fish, drain ¾ it and add fresh water, taking care not to drain the fingerlings.
The diagram below is a good illustration of how you can make your fish pond within your homestead/farm. The fishpond, livestock and the farm are interdependent as they depend on each other for survival.
- The farm provides greens for the animals and also the fish
- The fishpond provides water for use on the farm and waste fish for pig farmers
- The animals provide manure for use on the farm and also to feed the fish.
IMPORTANCE OF FISH FARMING
a. Source of good quality protein rich food
b. Source of income
c. Creates employment opportunities
d. Optimizes use of water resources